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There are currently four exon skipping medications approved by the FDA in the USA.

Unfortunately, none of these are approved in Canada and all exon therapies are considered investigational by Health Canada. Understandably, this has been very frustrating for our community, but Defeat Duchenne Canada is advocating for change. Learn more about our advocacy work.

The table below summarizes all exon therapies and where they are in the drug development process. Try our Clinical Trial Finder Tool to see if a trial is right for you.

Drug Name
Type of Drug
DMD Mutations Addressed
Sponsor
Current Development Phase
Approval Status
Casimersen
IV infusion 30mg/kg once weekly
Exon 45 skipping includes deletions of: 7-44, 12-44, 18-44, 44, 46, 46-47, 46-48, 46-49, 46-51, 46-53, 46-55, 46-57, 46-59, 46-60, 46-67, 46-69, 46-75, 46-78
Sarepta
Phase 3 programs are still ongoing
AMONDYS 45 in USA
Eteplirsen
IV infusion 30mg/kg once weekly
Exon 51 skipping includes deletions of: 3-50, 4-50, 5-50, 6-50, 9-50, 10-50, 11-50, 13-50, 14-50, 15-50, 16-50, 17-50, 19-50, 21-50, 23-50, 24-50, 25-50, 26-50, 27-50, 28-50, 29-50, 30-50, 31-50, 32-50, 33-50, 34-50, 35-50, 36-50, 37-50, 38-50, 39-50, 40-50, 41-50, 42-50, 43-50, 45-50, 47-50, 48-50, 49-50, 50, 52, 52-58, 52-61, 52-63, 52-64, 52-66, 52-76, 52-77
Sarepta
Phase 3 programs are still ongoing
EXONDYS 51 in USA
Golodirsen
IV infusion 30mg/kg once weekly
Exon 53 skipping includes deletions of: 3-52, 4-52, 5-52, 6-52, 9-52, 10-52, 11-52, 13-52, 14-52, 15-52, 16-52, 17-52, 19-52, 21-52, 23-52, 24-52, 25-52, 26-52, 27-52, 28-52, 29-52, 30-52, 31-52, 32-52, 33-52, 34-52, 35-52, 36-52, 37-52, 38-52, 39-52, 40-52, 41-52, 42-52, 43-52, 45-52, 47-52, 48-52, 49-52, 50-52, 52, 54-58, 54-61, 54-63, 54-64, 54-66, 54-76, 54-77
Sarepta
Phase 3 programs are still ongoing
VYONDYS 53 in USA
SRP-5051
IV infusion given once monthly
Exon 51 skipping includes deletions of: 3-50, 4-50, 5-50, 6-50, 9-50, 10-50, 11-50, 13-50, 14-50, 15-50, 16-50, 17-50, 19-50, 21-50, 23-50, 24-50, 25-50, 26-50, 27-50, 28-50, 29-50, 30-50, 31-50, 32-50, 33-50, 34-50, 35-50, 36-50, 37-50, 38-50, 39-50, 40-50, 41-50, 42-50, 43-50, 45-50, 47-50, 48-50, 49-50, 50, 52, 52-58, 52-61, 52-63, 52-64, 52-66, 52-76, 52-77
Sarepta
Phase 2
Still under investigation
Viltolarsen
IV infusion 80 mg/kg once weekly
Exon 53 skipping includes deletions of: 3-52, 4-52, 5-52, 6-52, 9-52, 10-52, 11-52, 13-52, 14-52, 15-52, 16-52, 17-52, 19-52, 21-52, 23-52, 24-52, 25-52, 26-52, 27-52, 28-52, 29-52, 30-52, 31-52, 32-52, 33-52, 34-52, 35-52, 36-52, 37-52, 38-52, 39-52, 40-52, 41-52, 42-52, 43-52, 45-52, 47-52, 48-52, 49-52, 50-52, 52, 54-58, 54-61, 54-63, 54-64, 54-66, 54-76, 54-77
NS Pharma
Phase 2, 3 and 4 studies still ongoing
VILTEPSO 53 in USA
DS-5141b
Subcutaneous injection once weekly
Exon 45 skipping includes deletions of: 7-44, 12-44, 18-44, 44, 46, 46-47, 46-48, 46-49, 46-51, 46-53, 46-55, 46-57, 46-59, 46-60, 46-67, 46-69, 46-75, 46-78
Daiichi Sankyo
Phase 2
Still under investigation
AOC 1044
Unknown at this time
Exon 44 skipping includes deletions of: 3-43, 4-43, 5-43, 6-43, 9-43, 10-43, 11-43, 13-43, 14-43, 15-43, 16-43, 17-43, 19-43, 21-43, 23-43, 24-43, 25-43, 26-43, 27-43, 28-43, 29-43, 30-43, 31-43, 32-43, 33-43, 34-43, 35-43, 36-43, 37-43, 38-43, 39-43, 40-43, 41-43, 42-43, 43, 45, 45-54, 45-56, 45-62, 45-65, 45-68, 45-70, 45-71, 45-72, 45-73, 45-74
Avidity Biosciences
Clinical trial initiations planned for 2022
Still under investigation
DYNE-251
Unknown at this time
Exon 51 skipping includes deletions of: 3-50, 4-50, 5-50, 6-50, 9-50, 10-50, 11-50, 13-50, 14-50, 15-50, 16-50, 17-50, 19-50, 21-50, 23-50, 24-50, 25-50, 26-50, 27-50, 28-50, 29-50, 30-50, 31-50, 32-50, 33-50, 34-50, 35-50, 36-50, 37-50, 38-50, 39-50, 40-50, 41-50, 42-50, 43-50, 45-50, 47-50, 48-50, 49-50, 50, 52, 52-58, 52-61, 52-63, 52-64, 52-66, 52-76, 52-77
Dyne Therapeutics
Clinical trial initiations planned for 2022
Still under investigation
PGN-ED051
Unknown at this time
Exon 51 skipping includes deletions of: 3-50, 4-50, 5-50, 6-50, 9-50, 10-50, 11-50, 13-50, 14-50, 15-50, 16-50, 17-50, 19-50, 21-50, 23-50, 24-50, 25-50, 26-50, 27-50, 28-50, 29-50, 30-50, 31-50, 32-50, 33-50, 34-50, 35-50, 36-50, 37-50, 38-50, 39-50, 40-50, 41-50, 42-50, 43-50, 45-50, 47-50, 48-50, 49-50, 50, 52, 52-58, 52-61, 52-63, 52-64, 52-66, 52-76, 52-77
PepGen
Clinical trial initiations planned for 2022
Still under investigation